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The massacre of the creators of the gold reserve of the country - on the eve of the revolution

April 17 2009
00:05

April 17, 1875 Colonel British colonial troops in India, Neville Chamberlain was invented a new game of billiards - snooker. "Despite the fact that superficially it resembles a traditional pool table, a few fundamental differences all

Rules of the game are as follows: on the table has 15 red balls stacked in a pyramid, and 6 colored balls, each of which is located at a certain point on the table. White ball (cue ball) is used to strike on the colored balls. In case of contact with the cue ball is pocketed the player receives a penalty point. Players must score alternately colored and red balloons. While reds remain on the table, pocketed colored balls are spotted in their positions. The winner is the player who attains the most points.

Originally there were only four colored balls, but in 1890 they became six. The first championship snooker was held in England in 1926. In 1950, the 1960 snooker went into decline and was again revived with the end of 1970. Now snooker is very popular in English-speaking countries (primarily in the UK and Ireland) as well as in China. Annually held World Snooker Championship (since 1977 - in Sheffield, England), as well as various tournaments.

April 17, 1912 in the Lena goldfields was shot demonstrating workers. Joint Stock Company "Lena gold-mining company" ("Lenzoto") was in those years, the biggest monopolist in production of the precious yellow metal. It owned 570 mines, Bodaibo railway fleet, sawmills and ironworks, tanning and flour milling, controlled the trade, production of beer, vodka. The share of "Lenzota" accounted for half of all gold mining in Siberia.

In this case, the administration of mines violated the factory legislation: the working day exceeds 12 hours, part of the already low wages was issued coupons for the mining stores, violated employment contracts, workers were forced to work on holidays, were intolerable housing and living conditions. This led to the fact that one of the miners went on strike. It was supported by 48 mines. The strikers demanded an 8-hour workday, increasing salaries by 30%, cancellation penalties, improving housing conditions, health care, food supplies, as well as the removal of the most odious people in the mining administration. But, while the strike and the workers' demands were justified, the authorities decided to force to deal with the strikers.

By order of the gendarmerie captain Treschenkova on the night of April 17, was arrested some members of the strike committee. In response, about three thousand workers marched to the Nadezhda mines to give the prosecutor a complaint of unlawful actions by the authorities and the release of their leaders. Soldiers okryli the crowd fire, killing 250 and injuring 270 people. By order of the Emperor, to investigate the circumstances of the tragedy was a government commission headed by Senator S. Manukhina. The State Duma has created his commission, headed by Alexander Kerensky.

Manukhin personally inspected the accommodation huts, shops, hospitals, and the report of Nicholas II, has blamed the unrest on the guide. State Duma Commission also concluded that the strike was peaceful economic nature and the workers did not pursue political goals. The investigation was re-administration of the company and the monopoly position of the company were liquidated.


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