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Swedish king was killed caps and hats

March 16 2009

March 16, 1792 in Stockholm at the ball-masquerade been an attempt on the Swedish king Gustav III. The attempt to kill the monarch has taken a former officer of personal royal guard Jacob Johan Ankarstrem, member of the famous conspiracy parties "caps" and "hat". Thirteen days later the king died.

In those years, political life in Sweden were extraordinary activity, especially during the regularly convened by the Riksdag, where the 1730-ies. formed a kind of political groups - the "party", received in time the name of "hats" and "hood". The younger generation of nobles calling themselves proudly "hats" (an officer's hat), opposed the peace-loving and cautious policy A. Horn, calling the advocates of this policy "nightcap".

After the defeat in the Northern War, "hat" dreamed of taking revenge on Russia - with the support of France. In 1738 they won the majority seats in parliament and forced the Horn to resign. In 1741 "hat" happily went to war with our country, which ended in defeat for the Swedes. "Hats" was possible for some time to maintain its influence, but it faltered because of the deteriorating economic situation. "Caps" strengthened their position in the royal council in 1765, although in general, their attempts to fight inflation have not been successful, and social programs aimed at reducing the privileges of the nobility, led to an exacerbation of the political situation in the country.

When Gustav III, all sectors of society have seen an extensible power of the monarch, which led to a conflict of the king with a large part of the nobility. Against the monarch was organized conspiracy and a costume ball Gustav III was fatally wounded.

March 16, 1867 French gardener Joseph Monier received the patent for reinforced concrete tight - now is the foundation of the whole building. Monier in 1861 searching techniques, how to make garden tubs stronger. Ordinary pots and drums made of clay was too heavy and fragile, wooden - short-lived.

First, the gardener has created a formwork, the cavity is filled with cement mortar. Subsequently, Monier made out of cement tubs skeleton of iron wire, which is plastered with another layer of cement. After curing tub turned out amazing strength.

Gardener continued his experiments and obtained several patents in related areas: fortified with iron pipes and cement pools (1868), zhelezotsementnye panels for facades (1869), bridges zhelezotsementa (1873), reinforced concrete beams (1878). In 1886, German engineer Gustave Weiss bought the Monier patents and developed the principle of reinforced concrete. His research and foundation construction firm Wayss & Freytag led to the spread of ideas Monier worldwide.

March 16, 1926 hosted the first ever launch of the rocket with liquid fuel. He made it an American, Dr. Robert Goddard (1882-1945) in Auburn, Massachusetts. The rocket reached a height of 12.5 meters and flew a distance of 56 meters.

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