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Amazing Facts - February 4

February 4 2009

February 4 (January 24 old style) 1720 Peter I issued a decree on the construction of barriers in St. Petersburg. The end of the street have been installed guard posts and barriers at night fell - to prevent the penetration of the capital of thieves and robbers. An armed guard was missing in the city only to doctors, healers, priests, messengers and distinguished citizens, and approaching the gate was holding a lighted torch. Now this mode is called "curfew".

February 4, 1861 as the birthday of the Confederacy - the same whose flag the Southern Cross was subsequently picked up by bikers and other freestyle lyudom and became a symbol of free thought. On this day in the U.S., the capital of Alabama, Montgomery, representatives of the six divisions of the southern states to declare the Confederate States of America - as opposed to the North.

Confederate States was the enemy of the United States during the American Civil War. The official flag of the Confederate States of America, known as "Stars and Stripes" had seven stars, in honor of the seven states, first entered into the composition of the Confederacy. But in the smoke of battle it was difficult to distinguish from the USA flag, so it was created by Confederate battle flag, called the "Southern Cross". Defeated in war, the Confederacy ceased to exist; States, its components, were captured by troops of northerners and included in the U.S. during the long process of Reconstruction in the South.

4 February 1911 the firm Rolls-Royce approved the emblem for their cars - a statue "Spirit of Ecstasy» (Spirit of Ecstasy), created by sculptor Charles Sykes. Model for the female figure became the mistress of Lord Montagu Eleanor Thornton. Later the logo is not just evolving in accordance with the requirements of modern design.

February 4, 1935 was launched the first test train Moscow underground. Two days later, the first subway passengers were delegates VII All-Union Congress Councils. February 19 began regular training movement on the highway. In the running-in period as a reward foremost production given the opportunity to pass on the first line of the best in the world underground. May 15, 1935, at 7 o'clock in the morning, all 13 stations of the first subway line opened the passenger door. Was begun the movement of trains between stations Sokolniki and Park Kultury, with a branch to the Smolensk area (station "Comintern", "Arbat and Smolenskaya). Before the Second World War was open two more lines. In March 1938 Arbatskaya line was extended to the station "Kurskaya". In September 1938 opened the Gorki-Zamoskvoretskaya line - from the station "Sokol" station "Theatre."

February 4, 1989 has been tested the world's smallest turbine: a gas turbine compressor blades and the size of 4.0 cm was created at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. The speed of rotation of the rotor was fixed as 100 000 rpm. The first trial included turbine-midget was successful.

Release prepared by Max K * - based on encyclopedias and other public sources.

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