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The last Renaissance man himself descended into the crater of the volcano

May 2 2009
00:05

May 2, 1601 was born the legendary German natural scientist, "the last Renaissance man" Athanasius Kircher (1601 - 30/10/1680). Like the great Leonardo, he studied geography, astronomy, physics, mathematics, medicine, ancient languages and music.

It is known that it was Kircher descended into the crater of Vesuvius, immediately after the eruption, and he gathered a collection of scientific instruments and various ancient objects became the foundation established in Rome, the museum that bears his name today.

May 2, 1910 in Russia was made the first demonstration flight on an airplane. Accomplish this feat in Moscow celebrated Sergey Isayevich Utochkin, who first showed the flight of many cities in Russia and abroad. During its flight, then watched prominent aircraft designers and pilots - Klimov (Moscow), N. Polikarpov (Orel), A. Mikulin (Kiev), P. Dry (Gomel), P. Nesterov (Tbilisi) S. Korolev (in the beautiful ancient city) and many others.

The fate of Sergei Solzhenitsyn (1876-1916) there was tragic. Favorite of Odessa, a wonderful swimmer and sailor, fencer and boxer, skater and a runner, as well as a virtuoso ridden on a motorcycle and a car. Utochkin also famous as the cyclist - he won many victories in Russia and abroad. For the recognition of the Sergei Solzhenitsyn, he successfully dealt with 15 kinds of sports. With the advent of aviation Utochkin began dreaming only flights.

In the spring of 1910 in Odessa took flight of the first Russian pilot Mikhail Yefimov. His flight created a furor. "I want to fly, to defy nature - Sergey wrote Utochkin. - Combat Instinct, which owns all living things, drags me in this fight, I for one only dangerous, bloodless for others. Sooner or later - I have to merge with nature, but until that happens - I will be in every way to mock her, and, in revenge for the impending inevitability of embracing all of it, to possess. " A week after the flight Efimova he made his first flight in an airplane "Farman-4" - took off and flew without any coaching.

Utochkin became the second Russian pilot. In the early twentieth century, he made 150 flights in 70 cities of Russia. But in 1911 during a trip Petersburg - Moscow there was a fatal accident. This was Russia's first long-range and extremely difficult to fly. The fall and serious injury interrupted career triumph. Sick, crippled, he suddenly left alone, without money and without even a roof over their head. In his personal life as airman drama happened. Wife left him and went to a wealthy Odessa breeder. Still in the hospital, that died in the mutilated aviator terrible pain, doctors injected him morphine, cocaine was given. After leaving the hospital, Utochkin has never parted with a syringe and a bottle of cocaine. In 1913 the city there were rumors about the symptoms of insanity in the famous pilot ... Fate had brought him incomplete for forty years.


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