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Mystery of the Maya and the Chinese army chess

June 5 2006

Tireless archaeologists are not left alone Mayan civilization. The next interesting discovery occurred in the vicinity of the temple Fox at Buena Vista (Peru).

Gaze of scientists brought a huge calendar , built of sculptures, arranged in a circle. Calendar dates back to 2200 BC and is the oldest known structure in America. Similar structures have been discovered in the Mayan civilization in Mexico, but their designs have an age of 2 thousand years.

Peruvian calendar - this grand structure, whose age is 4 thousand years. Structure plastered with clay mixed with grass and painted in bright yellow and red. It was intended to determine the time by the stars, it was important for agriculture.

The main celestial phenomena such as sunrise and sunset during the equinox and solstice, appear as lines stretching to the entrance of the temple sculptures and cavities.

Sacrifices to the temple consisted mainly of cotton, fruits, pumpkins, beans and herbs. The temple also find clams, crabs and fish bones.

Scientists found no evidence of human sacrifice, but they found a mummy man who was lying in a fetal position. This summer, archaeologists plan to continue excavations in the area of the temple Fox.

font face = "Times New Roman"> At the other end of the world, and distant China, local archaeologists found two ancient chess boards, whose age exceeds 700 years. And not just anywhere, and at the foot of the Great Wall.

A unique discovery was made by Chinese archaeologists in the course of excavations at the site near the city walls in Qinhuangdao (northern Hebei province). It turned out that engraved on one of the scientists found a field of stones used to play Chinese chess and popular in the ancient folk game "Tiger and the sheep."

According to archaeologists, the two chess boards relate to the era of governance in China's Song Dynasty (960-1279 gg.). Most likely, they have been used before in times of leisure and recreation by soldiers who were guarding the country from the "northern barbarians" on the Great Wall.

Archaeologists from Harvard University and Bar Ilan University, Israel dug in the Jordan valley several fruits figs Paleolithic. About petrified wine berries 11,2-11,4 thousand years. Researchers believe that the fig tree - a variety that could grow only by man. 9 fetuses, along with 313 smaller fragments were found in a house in the early Neolithic village, called Dzhilgal I.

This means that this discovery marks the beginning of the Neolithic revolution - the transition from hunting and gathering to cultivating plants and breeding animals. In this case, home cultivation of figs was preceded by other major domesticated crops such as wheat, barley and beans.

Incidentally, figs were found together with wild barley, wild oats and acorns. According to researchers, early Neolithic people still combined with the cultivation and gathering.

span style = "FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt"> Source material: Z, Discovery, ITAR-TASS, Membrana

Константин Дятлов

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